We all experience accidents, so it’s not strange if some day you will find yourself bleeding and staring at an open wound. And if you’re dealing with an open wound, there is always the risk of an infection. So be aware and get informed about all the symptoms which can tell that you’re experiencing an infection. The best for you would be to have everything under control by knowing to distinguish a probable infection before going to a doctor.
When it comes to infections every second matters, as they can become dangerous at any moment. The general symptoms that tell if you’re having an infection can be visible by anyone. It’s not a good sign at all if the wound area gets darker, bigger or deeper. It is important to wash and disinfect the wound until you remove all debris and dirt.
4 Types of Open Wounds
ABRASION: An abrasion happens if the skin scrapes or rubs from a hard or rough surface. If you’re having an abrasion, there isn’t a lot of bleeding. Be careful though to gently clean and scrub the wound in order to avoid infection.
LACERATION: A laceration consists on a deep tearing or cut of the skin. You can get a laceration as a result of different accidents with machinery, tools and knives, which can be frequent. If you are experiencing a deep laceration, usually the bleeding can result to be fast and extensive.
PUNCTURE: A puncture consists on a small hole which is mainly caused by a pointy, long object. This object can be a needle, nail or ice pick. A puncture can be caused even by a bullet. This kind of wounds can be very dangerous sometimes as they may damage internal organs and you need to get a rapid professional help. Punctures don’t bleed a lot but if it ever occurs to you, immediately visit a doctor and take a tetanus booster shot in order to prevent infection.
AVULSION: An avulsion occurs when there are violent accidents like explosions, body-crushing accidents or gunshots. This kind of wound may be a complete or partial tearing away of skin which can affect even the tissue beneath. Be careful in case you’re having an avulsion as they bleed rapidly and heavily.
What are infected wounds?
Infected wounds occur if there are bacteria or any other microorganisms colonizing in the wound and causing the deterioration of it. This leads to a delay in wound normal healing process. Infected wounds happen especially if the body’s immune defenses cannot deal with normal bacteria’s growth. Studies show that 70% of patients’ deaths along surgery happen due to surgical site infections.
What causes infected wounds?
Bacteria are the main cause of infected wounds, originating from the skin or the outside environment. The skin itself is full of “good” bacteria which are harmless in the normal skin condition. If the defense barrier which skin contains is damaged because of the wound, these bacteria colonize the damaged area and cause inflammation. What you should do to prevent the contamination of the wound is avoiding any kind of unhygienic conditions.
An infected wound is distinguished by the increased pain, pus discharge, swelling or redness, bad odor and non-healing of the wound. People who have low immune system are the most risked category to experience infected wounds. In this category are included diabetics or the elderly, as they find it more difficult to fight infections.
How to treat infected wounds?
Best would be to check the wound hourly and change the dressing often in order to provide the proper hygiene. You should always wash hands before being in contact with the wound and also use sterilized equipments, so you can minimize the danger of further infections. Another important step to treat infections is to use antibiotics, which can be applied in the wound directly or taken orally.
Avoid all aspirin products because they may lead to bleeding. If the wound is not deep and it is easy to treat, then best would be to apply ice. If the bleeding in the wound lasts more than 20 minutes you need to visit immediately a doctor, who will probably proscribe you pain medication and even surgery if it’s needed. In case you’re having temperature while having a wound, then it means that the wound is infected and it can lead to serious damages.
Read also: Types of Acne and Their Treatment.