Acne is a very annoying skin disease that appears all over the face. This kind of diseases affects the skin’s oil glands. It is a skin condition that leads to spots and pimples on the face and neck. Commonly appears during puberty, because on that period we have the activation of the sebaceous glands. When our skin loses the collagen, acne scars become more noticeable. The pores in our skin are connected to oil glands under the skin. These glands create sebum, an oily substance.
The connection between pores and glands is realized by a canal called follicle. Inside the follicles, oil has dead cells to the surface of the skin. Acne are usually caused by clogged pores which develop because of different bacteria, body hormones, dead skin cells and ingrown hairs. It is known that especially hormonal fluctuations are closely associated with acne. Teens experience this kind of acne more frequent but it doesn’t mean it never occurs to adults.
How to cure acne according to their type?
First step of curing acne is identifying their type. This will help define the right treatment needed for your acne. There are some categories of acne such as papules, whiteheads, cysts, blackheads, nodules and pustules. Of course it is likely to have multiple kinds of acne at the same time. In some cases, acne may be severe enough to obligate you go to visit a dermatologist to treat them professionally.
Non inflammatory acne
The easiest types of acne to be treated are non-inflammatory acne, which includes blackheads and whiteheads. These usually respond well to OTC treatments. What works best for acne in general is salicylic acid, as it naturally exfoliates the skin by removing dead skin cells that lead to formation of blackheads and whiteheads. Blackheads happen if a pores gets clogged by the mix of sebum and dead skin cells. Actually the top of pores maintain open in contrary of the rest of it. This causes the typical black color on the surface.
Whiteheads are also formed by sebum and dead skin cells, but in contrary of blackheads, all parts of pores are closed up. Whiteheads result to be more difficult to treat because as I mentioned the pores are closed. Products which contain salicylic acid are very helpful. In particular topical retinoid give us best results while treating acne. Be careful though not to take firstly the approval of your dermatologist before taking stronger topical retinoid.
Inflammatory acne refers to pimples that are red and swollen. Even though sebum and dead skin cells give a contribute to inflammatory acne, a big role is played by multiple kinds of bacteria. Bacteria can also cause an infection beneath the skin’s surface. This can result in painful acne spots, which are very hard to disappear. In these cases your dermatologist probably will prescribe you topical antibiotics or benzoyl peroxide.
Papules happen if the walls around the pores break down by severe inflammation. This leads to hard clogged pores, very painful to be touched. The color of the skin if you’re having papules is pink. Unlikely to papules, pustules are filled with pus and they are usually red in color. They may have though yellow or white heads on top.
Nodules occur if clogged and swollen pores cause further irritation. They are usually deeper underneath the skin, that’s why they can’t be treated in home. In this case your dermatologist will probably proscribe you isotretinoin, which is made from vitamin A and must be taken daily for 4-6 months.
Cysts develop if pores are being clogged because of a combination of sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells. These are very deep and painful to touch. They are the most severe form of acne which can lead to scars that are difficult to be taken. The medical prescription for cysts consists on isotretinoin. There are also severe cases where cysts are needed to be removed.
What you need to do?
You should be patient during your treatment as it won’t have immediate results. Best advice would be to not use many acne products at once as they can dry your skin and may cause further spread of acne. There are also several skin conditions which cause same symptoms as those caused from acne. Here are included kenatosis pilanis, nilia and sebaceous hyperplasia. So don’t be fast in identifying your acne type and consult a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis.
Read also: How to Have a Healthier Skin.